January 21, 2020
SoulTic Magazine’s Comprehensive List Of African American / Black Firsts That Helped Break The Color Barrier- pt-1 Internet Vol-1
. Millionaire – Madame C. J . Walker .
. Billionaire – Robert Johnson , 2001 , owner of Black Entertainment Television : Oprah Winfrey , 2003
. Portrayal on a postage stamp – Booker T . Washington , 1940 ( 1956 )
. Explorer , North Pole – Matthew A . Henson , 1909 , accompanied Robert
E . Peary on the first successful U . S . expedition .
. Miss America : Vanessa Williams , 1984 . When controversial photos surfaced and Vanessa Williams resigned , Suzette Charles , the runner – up and also an African American , assumed the title . Three additional African Americans have been Miss Americas : Debbye Tuner (1990 ) , Marjorie Vincent ( 1991 ) , and Kimberly Aiken ( 1994 ) .
. Olympic gold medalist ( Winter games ) : Vonetta Flowers , 2002 , bobsled .
. Olympic gold medalist ( Summer games : individual ) : DeHart Hubbard , 1924 , the long jump .
. Olympic gold medalist Alice Coachman , first woman to win a gold medal . For the high jump .
. Olympic gold medalist ( Winter games ; individual ) : Shani Davis , 1,000 m speedskating .
. Pulitzer Prize winner : Gwendolyn Brooks , 1950 , won the Pulitzer Prize in poetry .
. Member of the New York City Opera : Todd Duncan , 1945 .
. Principal dancer in a major dance company : Arthur Mitchell , 1959 , New York City Ballet .
. First Oscar : Hattie McDaniel , 1940 , supporting actress , Gone with the wind .
. Star of a network television show : Bill Cosby , 1965 , “” I Spy “” .
. Network television show host : Nat King Cole , 1956 , “” The Nat King Cole Show. “‘ Oprah Winfrey became the first black woman television host in 1986 , “” The Oprah Winfrey Show “” .
. Tennis champion : Althea Gibson became the first black person to play in and win Wimbledon and the United States national tennis championship . She won both tournaments twice , in 1957 and 1958 . In all , Gibson won 56 tournaments , including five Grand Slam singles events . The first black male champion was Arthur Ashe who won the 1968 U . S . Open , the 1970 Australian Open , and the 1975 Wiimbledon championship .
. Heavyweight boxing champion : Jack Johnson , 1908 .
. U . S . Supreme Court Justice : Thurgood Marshall , 1967 – 1991 .
. U . S . Representative to the UN : Andrew Young ( 1977 – 1979 ) .
. Nobel Peace Prize winner : Ralph J . Bunche received the prize in 1950 for mediating the Arab – Israeli truce .
. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff : Colin Powell , 1989 – 1993 .